Wales - United Kingdom

Wales is one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Wales is closely, but far from completely, integrated politically with England, although it was from around the 16th century until the mid-19th century. It is located in the south-west of the island of Great Britain and is bordered by England to the east, the Bristol Channel (Mr Hafren) to the south and the Irish Sea to the west and north, and also by the estuary of the River Dee in the north-east.

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Discussion on Wales

angiolina :

I'm italian and I have to do a search about wales,in particular the geography aspect...can you give me some information about wales?the most important city,the landscape,the borders etc... thank's excuse me for the mistakes...

badger :
"snowdonia is its most famous mountain range."
Cymru am Byth :
"look here "
twinklecutie2000 :
"yea here it is Wales (Welsh: Cymru;[1] pronounced /ˈkəmrɨ/) is one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom. Wales is closely, but not completely, integrated politically with England. Wales is located in the south-west of the island of Great Britain and is bordered by England to the east, the Bristol Channel (Môr Hafren) to the south and the Irish Sea (Môr Iwerddon) to the west and north, and also by the estuary of the River Dee (Afon Dyfrdwy) in the north-east. Welsh cultural identity is represented by elements such as the Welsh language (which remains one of Europe's oldest spoken indigenous languages), ancient Welsh festivals and traditions, monastic asceticism, a highly evolved secular legal system (Cyfraith Hywel), and a distinctive literary tradition and culture which emerged after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century. Of the principal polities within Wales, only Gwynedd retained independence until the late 13th century, when it was eventually conquered by England. However, formal annexation and abolition of Welsh law did not take place until the 16th century. Wales (with all regions united under one government) has never been a sovereign state, although a number of internal principalities remained independent until the Anglo-Norman conquest and the Welsh national hero Prince Owain Glyndŵr briefly created an independent Welsh kingdom in the early 15th century. From the late 18th century, some parts of Wales became heavily industrialised, playing a significant and innovative role in the industrial revolution, as it exported vast quantities of coal and steel and established a large manufacturing base which has only recently been overtaken by the tourism and service sectors, the capital Cardiff had the largest and busiest port in the world. More latterly, manufacturing emphasis has been on the electronic and technological sectors. Two thirds of the population of Wales live in and around the capital Cardiff (around 1,695,500) and around 2,006,225 in the whole of South Wales. There is further significant population concentration in the north east. The remaining areas in mid Wales, the north west and south west are predominantly rural and characterised by hilly and mountainous terrain. More than 50% of Wales GDP are in Cardiff and the Vale of Glamorgan. From the 19th century the notion of a distinctive Welsh polity has emerged. Wales's largest city, Cardiff (Caerdydd) was formally recognised as the capital of Wales in 1955. A devolved legislature, the National Assembly for Wales (Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) was formed in 1999, with powers to amend primary legislation from the U.K. Parliament as well as propose and ass its own laws. hope i helped u good luck :)"
wendy_da_goodlil_witch :
"these should help. I was in Wales a very long time ago. It's a nice country and the people are very friendly. I'd go back if I could."
Kate! :
"Yay, i'm Welsh :D Cardiff is the capital, and major city. The whole country is covered in sheep. Which is where the name "sheep shaggers" comes from. The only border is that of the one connecting it to England (Wales is to the left of England). It is very hilly and there is lots of grass, and fields. There are many small villages, and coastal towns."
thebeaglelady@btinternet.com :
"Heres a web addy which may be usefull. Wales is actually part of England, its a Principality."
BB :
"INTRODUCTION: Wales is one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom. Wales is closely, but not completely, integrated politically with England. Wales is located in the south-west of the island of Great Britain and is bordered by England to the east, the Bristol Channel to the south and the Irish Sea to the west and north, and also by the estuary of the River Dee in the north-east. Welsh cultural identity is represented by elements such as the Welsh language (which remains one of Europe's oldest spoken indigenous languages), ancient Welsh festivals and traditions, monastic asceticism, a highly evolved secular legal system, and a distinctive literary tradition and culture which emerged after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century. Of the principal polities within Wales, only Gwynedd retained independence until the late 13th century, when it was eventually conquered by England. However, formal annexation and abolition of Welsh law did not take place until the 16th century. Wales (with all regions united under one government) has never been a sovereign state, although a number of internal principalities remained independent until the Anglo-Norman conquest and the Welsh national hero Prince Owain Glyndŵr briefly created an independent Welsh kingdom in the early 15th century. From the late 18th century, some parts of Wales became heavily industrialised, playing a significant and innovative role in the industrial revolution, as it exported vast quantities of coal and steel and established a large manufacturing base which has only recently been overtaken by the tourism and service sectors, the capital Cardiff had the largest and busiest port in the world. More latterly, manufacturing emphasis has been on the electronic and technological sectors. Two thirds of the population of Wales live in and around the capital Cardiff (around 1,695,500) and around 2,006,225 in the whole of South Wales. There is further significant population concentration in the north east. The remaining areas in mid Wales, the north west and south west are predominantly rural and characterised by hilly and mountainous terrain. More than 50% of Wales GDP are in Cardiff and the Vale of Glamorgan. From the 19th century the notion of a distinctive Welsh polity has emerged. Wales's largest city, Cardiff (Caerdydd) was formally recognised as the capital of Wales in 1955. A devolved legislature, the National Assembly for Wales was formed in 1999, with powers to amend primary legislation from the U.K. Parliament as well as propose and pass its own laws. SUB DIVISIONS: For the purposes of local government, Wales was divided into 22 council areas in 1996. These are unitary authorities responsible for the provision of all local government services, including education, social work, environment and roads services. Below these in some areas there are community councils — that cover specific areas within a council area. The Queen appoints a Lord Lieutenant to represent her in the eight Preserved counties of Wales — which are combinations of council areas. However other subdivisions occur when dividing Wales into separate regions in the provisions of fire, and police services. For example there is a South Wales police force, rather than the Glamorgan Police Force. City status in the United Kingdom is determined by Letters patent. There are five cities in Wales: Bangor Cardiff Newport St David's Swansea GEOGRAPHY: Wales is located on a peninsula in central-west Great Britain. Its area, the size of Wales, is about 20,779 km² (8,023 square miles - about the same size as Massachusetts, Slovenia or El Salvador and about a quarter of the size of Scotland). It is about 274 km (170 miles) north-south and 97 km (60 miles) east-west. Wales is bordered by England to the east and by sea in the other three directions: the Môr Hafren (Bristol Channel) to the south, St. George's Channel to the west, and the Irish Sea to the north. Altogether, Wales has over 1,200km (750 miles) of coastline. There are several islands off the Welsh mainland, the largest being Ynys Môn (Anglesey) in the northwest. The main population and industrial areas are in South Wales, consisting of the cities of Cardiff , Swansea and Newport and surrounding areas, with another significant population in the north-east around Wrexham. Much of Wales' diverse landscape is mountainous, particularly in the north and central regions. The mountains were shaped during the last ice age, the Devensian glaciation. The highest mountains in Wales are in Snowdonia , and include Snowdon , which, at 1085 m (3,560 ft) is the highest peak in Wales. The 14 (or possibly 15) Welsh mountains over 3,000 feet (914 m) high are known collectively as the Welsh 3000s. The Brecon Beacons (Bannau Brycheiniog) are in the south (highest point Pen-y-Fan 886m (2,907ft)), and are joined by the Cambrian Mountains in mid-Wales, the latter name being given to the earliest geological period of the Paleozoic era, the Cambrian. In the mid-nineteenth century, two prominent geologists, Roderick Murchison and Adam Sedgwick, used their studies of the geology of Wales to establish certain principles of stratigraphy and palaeontology. After much dispute, the next two periods of the Paleozoic era, the Ordovician and Silurian, were named after ancient Celtic tribes from this area. The older rocks underlying the Cambrian rocks were referred to as Pre-cambrian. Wales has three National Parks: Snowdonia, Brecon Beacons and Pembrokeshire Coast. It also has four Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty. These areas include Anglesey, the Clwydian Range, the Gower Peninsula and the Wye Valley. The Gower Peninsula was the first area in the whole of the United Kingdom to be designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, in 1956. Along with its Celtic cousins in Cornwall, the coastline of South and West Wales has more miles of Heritage Coast than anywhere else. The coastline of the Glamorgan Heritage Coast, the Gower Peninsula, Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire, and Ceredigion is particularly wild and impressive. Gower, Carmarthenshire, Pembrokeshire and Cardigan Bay all have clean blue water, white sand beaches and impressive marine life. Despite this scenic splendour the coast of Wales has a dark side; the south and west coasts of Wales, along with the Irish and Cornish coasts, are frequently blasted by huge Atlantic westerlies/south westerlies that, over the years, have sunk and wrecked many vessels. On the night of October 25, 1859, 114 ships were destroyed off the coast of Wales when a hurricane blew in from the Atlantic; Cornwall and Ireland also had a huge number of fatalities on its coastline from shipwrecks that night. Wales has the somewhat unenviable reputation, along with Cornwall, Ireland and Brittany, of having per square mile, some of the highest shipwreck rates in Europe.[citation needed] The shipwreck situation was particularly bad during the industrial era when ships bound for Cardiff got caught up in Atlantic gales and were decimated by "the cruel sea". Like Cornwall, Brittany and Ireland, the clean, clear waters of South-west Wales of Gower, Pembrokeshire and Cardigan Bay attract visitors including basking sharks, Atlantic grey seals, leatherback turtles, dolphins, porpoises, jellyfish, crabs and lobsters. Pembrokeshire and Ceredigion in particular are recognised as an area of international importance for bottle nosed dolphins, and New Quay in the middle of Cardigan Bay has the only summer residence of bottle nosed dolphins in the whole of the U.K. The modern border between Wales and England was largely defined in the 16th century, based on medieval feudal boundaries. The boundary line (which very roughly follows Offa's Dyke up to 40 miles (64 km) of the northern coast) separates Knighton from its railway station, virtually cuts off Church Stoke from the rest of Wales, and slices straight through the village of Llanymynech (where a pub actually straddles the line). The Seven Wonders of Wales is a list in doggerel verse of seven geographic and cultural landmarks in Wales probably composed in the late eighteenth century under the influence of tourism from England.[8] All the "wonders" are in north Wales: Snowdon (the highest mountain), the Gresford bells (the peal of bells in the medieval church of All Saints at Gresford), the Llangollen bridge (built in 1347 over the River Dee, Afon Dyfrdwy), St Winefride's Well (a pilgrimage site at Holywell, Treffynnon) in Flintshire), the Wrexham (Wrecsam) steeple (16th century tower of St. Giles Church in Wrexham), the Overton yew trees (ancient yew trees in the churchyard of St Mary's at Overton-on-Dee) and Pistyll Rhaeadr (Wales' tallest waterfall, at 240 ft (73 m)). The wonders are part of the rhyme:"
Debsie :
"Cardiff is the capital city of Wales but Swansea is also a City in Wales. Most of the industry in Wales is along the south coast. The middle of Wales is more mountainous and there are several mountain ranges including the Black Mountains and the Brecon Breacons. Wales borders England to the East and the South, West and North of Wales are coastal. It rains alot in Wales and hence the countryside is green and lush. The farming tends to be mainly sheep and cattle farming, row-crops are rarer because of the low availability of flat land. There are two official languages in Wales - Welsh and English."
BlackLily :
"I'm Welsh & Wales is not part of England!! Being a Principality means a crown Prince, Prince Charles, is in charge of our part of the UK & does not mean we are part of England. If you think Wales is part of England then you are very ignorant. Wales is 1 of the 4 countries of the UK. Sorry for the rant, but the poster who posted further up really ticked me off!!"
Cymro bach :
"Just for you to tell some of your italian friends its a totally different place to England like italia is to espania. The language is completely different not like italian and spanish. And therest of the information is below. Diolch yn fawr iawn gwna di'n siwr dy fod yn dweud wrtho'r eidalwyr yna am ni'r cymry sydd ddim yn lloegr na wedi cysylltu gyda nhw."
Rolyn R :
"Piacere! Wales...Cymru Welsh language...Cymraeg Welsh people...Cymry Highest Mountain ...Snowdon (yr Wyddfa) 1085m Capital ...Cardiff (Caerdydd). The border with England is mapped by Offa's dyke (Clawdd Offa). Counties:- Clwyd, Dyfed, Gwent, Gwynedd (where I live) Mid Glamorgan, Powys, South Glamorgan, West Glamorgan."
some_kid :
"Wales is part of the UK and it borders England. If your from England or scotland you dont need to show your pasport to get through or anything. Cardiff is the main city of wales. Wales mostl speak english but in some parts they speak there own language."
*♥*♥* :

i need to write about wales but i dont have a clue where to start...does anyone have any ideas plz?????????? thanx ppl

elf2002 :
"try google or wikipedia to get started..."
(L)4eva :
"fields, sheep... no I'm only messing options: famous Welsh people e.g Charlotte Church, Glyn BB lol. geography of it e.g where it is, describe highland etc. language spoken - give a few words as examples. places there e.g Cardiff (the capital) Snowdon, Porthcawl. population. how most people are employed. Welsh history. Welsh buildings e.g Chirk Castle (...I think!!). Welsh food e.g scones. HTH good luck =D"
thumbolina21 :
"What do you need to write about. I know someone who lives in Wales who could probably help ya?"
Dibnah :

A friend told me that in a place called Wales (near England) they don't say 'cheers' when they have a drink but, instead, they say 'twll din pob Sais' What does it mean

.:xxRachxx:. :
"Im from england have visited walse many times but ive never heard this ?!?! but maybe they do im not sure, if you want to convert it just type converted in google."
english_guy_1985 :
"it's an insult to the English, 'sais' means English in the Welsh language. Im not sure exactly what it means, Welsh cannot really be translated 'word-for-word' into English so you can't use online translation. EDIT: I just found out what it means, not amused lol, check this link"
Ken D :
"They were saying, "Let's hope the little to**er leaves soon and never comes back " LOL Seriously though, it sounds like it was one of the tactless Welsh insults. They speak in Gaelic when a stranger is around and insult him as they know that the stranger will not understand. However, once the stranger leaves, they speak in English again. It's the Welsh sense of humour!"
Della :
"Before you go for a tour or a travel you need to plan something. Visit online website to know more about the place the people, hotels, their cost and get a brief idea about the place. Try to be prepare before hand also get some knowledge about the laws and rules of that place. To know more you can visit"
Ken B :
"A place called Wales ( as opposed to the Principality), is a village in South Yorkshire, and the toast there is "Sup up"."
DarkusFurious :
"The proper translation is: "All English Are Arseholes""
robertlnngr :
"twill din pob Sais is the same as cheers. Just a different any to say it. So say bottoms up or something like that in it's place."

 

Comments on Wales

daniegb123
Date: 2008-02-14 04:29:18

After dropping close to $320 million on his new Airbus A380 jet, Prince Al-Waleed of Saudi Arabia is spending another $176 million on ultra-lavish modifications, including a $60 million gold leaf paintjob.


bryanw
Date: 2008-02-14 04:29:18

Firefighters are being subjected to an increasing number of violent attacks despite Government claims to the contrary, new figures show. Crews are regularly being spat on and pelted with bricks, bottles, burning wood and stones as they try to save lives across England and Wales


cybershadowX
Date: 2008-02-14 04:29:18

LVV air conditioning services in South Wales is ready to take care of all your aircon problems.


Battleweb
Date: 2008-02-14 04:29:18

14 young people have died in a south wales community, Bridgend. They not being linked at present. A lot of coincidences then? Doubtful!.




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