Khajuraho - India

Coordinates: 24°51′N 79°56′E / 24.85, 79.93As of 2001 India census, Khajuraho had a population of 19,282. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Khajuraho has an average literacy rate of 53%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 62%, and female literacy is 43%. In Khajuraho, 19% of the population is under 6 years of age. ArchitectureThe Khajuraho temples, constructed with spiral superstructures, adhere to a northern Indian shikhara temple style and often to a Panchayatana plan or layout. A few of the temples are dedicated to the Jain pantheon

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ferrari_pranav :

khajuraho

Blah :
"Masterpieces of Traditional Indian Architecture See in"
Dhruv Kapur :
"Khajuraho Introduction: Khajuraho, once the great Chandela capital, is today a village of about a few thousand people in the interiors of central India, in Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh. Tradition records the existence of eighty five temples, of which only twenty five, strewn amidst lakes and fields, have survived. The temples at Khajuraho, brilliant examples of medieval Indian architecture, were built under later Chandela kings between AD 950 and AD 1050. Each ancient structure in India has a fascinating story to tell. But few match the temples of Khajuraho. Materials used: The earliest temples of Khajuraho were built in coarse granite. However, the most famous ones - including the World Heritage monuments known as the Western Group of temples - are mostly built in fine-grained buff, pink and pale yellow sandstone, quarried from neighboring Panna. The temples belong to different religious sects like Shaiva, Vaishnava and Jain and mark the culmination of the northern Indian or Nagara style of temple architecture. Features: A typical Khajuraho temple sits upon a lofty stone terrace called the adisthana or jagati, over which rise the jangha or walls of the inner compartments. It also has canopied windows with balconies to admit air and light into the interior. The roof comprises turrets of varying heights, culminating in the tall and graceful curvilinear shikhara suggesting rising mountain peaks. The Khajuraho temples are almost all aligned east to west, with the entrance facing east. A profusely carved arch leads to the oblong porch or ardhamanapa, behind which is the large assembly hall or mandapa, open on three sides, followed by the still larger hall mahamandapa, a closed hall with a corridor around it. This hall finally leads into the vestibule or the antarala. Beyond this is the garbhagriha or sanctum, entered through another ornate doorway, that houses the cult deity. Environment: Surely this millennium will have to be dedicated to caring for our common human heritage and our common human future. What is this heritage and future that all human beings share? A beautiful little jewel-like planet, with its waters, air, exquisitely diverse landscapes and all the species that inhabit and share it with us. The varied cultures of the world, the architecture, sculpture, painting, music, dance, theatre and crafts are examples of the enormous creativity that distinguish the human race from all other species. Need to preserve: In a world shattered by human destruction the arts of the world are enduring symbols of human creativity. We need to preserve our collective heritage as a reminder that human beings can be creative, caring and productive. The temples of Khajuraho, like all world heritage sites across the globe, remind us of the heights of imagination, skill and aesthetic beauty that human beings have achieved during the last few millennia. Ways To Protect: Write urself I m gathering abt rest 2 now *happy* Hope I did help u a little Builder: Rajasimha Pallava. He built this sandstone temple, dedicated to lord in the late 7th century. Intro: The Kailasanatha Temple or Rajasimheswara temple is the largest and the most important of the temples built by Rajasimha Pallava. Features: . It is one of the earliest examples of Dravidian architecture and it is Kailasanatha means “Lord of Mount Kailash.” It is famous for its sculptures. Most famous of these is the sculpture of Ardhanariswara, who has a vina in her hand. This temple has sub-shrines around the main shrine. There are about 53 subshrines which are a double walled structure showing different aspects of Siva, with niches whose interiors are decorated with remarkable paintings. There are fresco-style paintings on the inner walls of the shrine. The architecture resembles that of the Shore Temple in Mamallapuram. At Kanchipuram there two monuments, both legacies of the Pallava period, the Kailashnatha and the Vaikuntha Perumal, both natural successors to Mahabalipuram. The Kailashnatha temple is undoubtedly one of the favourite monuments of any art historian and visitor (and if the Chalukyas liked it, so will we). It was so attractive that in the middle of the eighth century, when the Chalukyas saw it during their conquest, they imitated the plan in their Virupaksha temple at Pattadakal. The highlight of this temple is its thousand-pillared mandapam (hall). Materials: The foundation of the temple is made of granite while the superstructure is carved out of sandstone. Location: Located on the foot of a hill-- Sanchi is just 46 kms. from Bhopal. It is more of a village than a town. Sanchi is a religious place with historical and archaeological significance. Builder: Emperor Asoka (273-236 B.C.) built stupas in Buddha's honour Stories: "Sanchi was not hallowed by any incident in Buddha's life; not is it known to have been the focus of any significant event in the history of Buddhist monachism. Hiuen Tsang, who so meticulously recorded the details connected with Buddhist monuments, is silent about it. The only possible reference to it is contained in the chronicles of Sri. Lanka, according to which Mahendra, son of Asoka and his queen Devi, daughter of a merchant of Vidisa, (modern Besnagar near Bhilsa or Vidisha) whom Asoka had married during his halt there on his way to Ujjayani as a viceroy, is said to have visited his mother at Vidisa, and the latter took him up to the beautiful monastery of Vedisagiri built by herself. Mahendra had stayed there for a month before he set out for Sri Lanka." Features: In every stupa there is a small chamber in which a casket with relics of the Buddha or the Buddhsit mnks were placed. The surrounding face of the stupa is generally build of bricks with a thin layer of plaster. The stupa was crowned with umbralla of stone. The monument was surrounded by a fence with path provided for circumambulation. The original stupas were enlarged and beautiful from time to time. The gateways are very fancinating feature of the monunemt. 4 gatewys are 4 cardinal points and contains very lively and beautifull carved panels. The sanchi stupa which still stand intact is well preserved and protected monument. PE: Sanchi stupa is 46 km north east of Bhopal. it is a hilly area, located on the Malwa plateau, and the land rises towards the Vindhya Range to the south. The summers are hot and the winters cold. It rains moderately during the rainy season. The municipality covers 286 square kilometres. It has two very beautiful lakes, collectively known as the Bhoj Wetland. These lakes are the Upper Lake (built by King Bhoj) and the Lower Lake. The catchment area of the Upper Lake is 361 km2 while that of the Lower Lake is 9.6 km2. The Upper Lake drains into the Kolans River. MU: The stupas at Sanchi are made of mud brick, brick and rubble, or encased masonry. Carved stone embellishments were used for both interior and exterior."
ankur137 :

"About Khajuraho-who built it & when,location on map,feature&physical monument,material by bilt.architectural,stories&legend" in Yahoo! Answers

Fallen Angel :
"The Chandelas. Here is a nice link:"
rfamilymember :
"Khajuraho is a city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, located in Chhatarpur District, about 385 miles (620 kilometres) southeast of Delhi, the capital city of India. One of the most popular tourist destinations in India, Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Hindu temples, famous for their erotic sculpture. The name Khajuraho is derived from the Hindi word khajur meaning date palm. The city was once the religious capital of the Chandela Rajputs, a Hindu dynasty that ruled this part of India from the 10th to the 12th centuries. The Khajuraho temples were built over a span of a hundred years, from 950 to 1050. The whole area was enclosed by a wall with eight gates, each flanked by two golden palm trees. There were originally over 80 Hindu temples, of which only 22 now stand in a reasonable state of preservation, scattered over an area of about 8 square miles (21 km²). The temples of Khajuraho are an example of religion laced with erotica. They are fine examples of Indian architectural styles that have gained popularity due to their salacious depiction of the traditional way of life during medieval times. They were rediscovered only during the 20th century and the jungles had taken a toll on some of the monuments."
anna :

The first place in the list is Khajuraho. Route both flight & Rail. Accomodation & sightseeing options. The places I should definitly see.

Mohammed Aarif :
"My best advice to you is to use the services of a professional tour operator. This will benefit you in many ways. Firstly when you plan to visit you should keep in mind that just to save that extra money by not approaching a tour operator or travel agent you simply belive that they will charge you more and you will loose money. But the real thing is definitely a Tour or travel agent will charge you some money, but it will give you peace of mind. It will make your vacation a real one without any hassles. You just have to go and rest everything will be taken care of. Moreover all tour operators have good dicounted rates from All hotels and Travel agents discounted air fares , which an individual cant have access to. So my suggestion for you is to approach any travel agent in Kerala... I am suggesting you some names, better contact them and say my name and they will definitely give you a very best discounted package to make your tour a memorable one. In Cochin: Great India Tour Company (Please contact Mr. Ross Massood and say my name and ask for the package 00919847055303 or esle Sarita 0484 2371001/04/05/06) Currently I am working in dubai and seen your Q?.. and replied.. thanks and regards"
sachin p :
"Why dont u just log on to"
punit_kumar77148 :
"CHANDIGARH. 6 TO 7 MONTHS"

 

Comments on Khajuraho

bluearrow
Date: 2008-02-05 02:22:52

Travelers describe their experiences in Orccha and Khajuraho, a UNESCO world heritage site containing ancient Hindu and Jain temples depicting erotic positions from the Kama Sutra.


Dean Jakson
Date: 2008-02-05 02:22:52

Forgotten and unvisited until the mid-1960s, the place is now, after the Taj, India's biggest single tourist attraction. Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Temples; each studded with countless sculptures of extraordinary grace and delicacy. The temples of Khajuraho are indeed, celebrations of the stylized and refined courtly accomplishme


Bling_bliNg_pRo
Date: 2008-02-05 02:22:52

Besides, Gwalior city, MP's other attractions are: Udaygiri, an excursion from Bhopal, with notable cave sculptures of religious themes, the medieval city of Orchha with exquisite palaces and cenotaphs, the Khajuraho temples, cave paintings at Bhimbetka, Sanchi, unmatched repository of Buddhist art and architecture, the city of love, Mandu.


cybershadowX
Date: 2008-02-05 02:22:52

http://www.hindujagruti.org/news/article/denigrations/articles/the-facts-of-khajuraho.html




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