Karnak - Egypt

Coordinates: 25.71874° N 32.6574° EThe Karnak temple complex, universally known only as Karnak, describes a vast conglomeration of ruined temples, chapels, pylons and other buildings. It is located near Luxor in Egypt. This was ancient Egyptian Ipet-isut ("The Most Selected of Places"), the main place of worship of the Theban Triad with Amun as its head, in the monumental city of Thebes. The complex retrieves its current name from the nearby and partly surrounding modern village of el-Karnak, some 2.5km north of Luxor.// OverviewThe complex is a vast open-air museum and the largest ancient

Karnak Pictures

Karnak Karnak Karnak

 

Videos on Karnak


 

Discussion on Karnak

Paige :

I need to write some information about karnak, stuff like where in egypt its located, what kingdom (i know its middle) and what are some famous places there. I keep trying to look it up on google but its not giving me the information i need, its teling me about a certain chapel. please help me with information!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! thanks paige<3

lovyy :
"I don't know if this will help you or not (this is the main site)"
Shereef :
"try searching for these information.. Karnak in Luxor Karnak Temple Karnak south of Egypt Karnak Unesco hope this helps ;)"
sistablu :
"Wow,your teacher has really given you a huge topic to write about. It would certainly be silly to try and get too in depth and so I will try and cover just the central temple and a few of the outstanding features of the Karnak complex. The Karnak complex is situated a few kms out of Luxor which was the religious centre for the political powerful priests of Amun. The precinct covers approximately 2 square kms or1.6 square miles and its feature and buildings are not only related to the Middle Kingdom. The excavations so far have covered 4,600 yrs of worship at this particular site. During the late Middle Kingdom the Karnak complex was connected to Luxor by an avenue of ram headed sphinxes. While many remain in-situ work is currently being undertaken to locate and restore many that have been covered by the buildings and roads of the modern era. As you may known ancient Thebes or Luxor was known during the pharaonic era as Waset and Karnak was known as Ipet Sout or Most Esteemed of Places. The Temple of Amun -Ra is the principal feature of Karnak and was in fact the largest structure ever built by man until the modern era of huge shopping complexes and stadiums. When Jean-Paul Champollion (the Frenchman who was the first to decipher hieroglyphs) visited Karnak he remarked it was "so tall and grandiose that it must have been built for giants". The temple is surrounded by an enclosure wall defined as a rectangle 1640 ft. deep and 1,790 ft. wide and stands over 39ft high and 26 ft thick. It was originally connected by a paved road to a quay on the Nile and another built on the west bank enabled the smooth continuation of ritual and festival processions also the funerals of the Pharoahs to the Valley of the Kings Surrounding the Temple of Amun-Ra are the homes or temples of his godly relatives his son Khonsu and his wife Mut. The earliest substantial structure excavated and restored are dated to the Middle Kingdom, but there is archaeological evidence of earlier structures dating back to the 3rd Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. We know from evidence found on the site that it was a place of worship since the Badrian and Naqqatta cultures existed in Egypt in the paeliolithic era of prehistory. During the New Kingdom almost every Pharaoh added to the complex in what almost seems like a competition to out do their predecessor.Adding to Karnak's size and complexity. New Kingdom records show that the priests of Amun at Karnak owned over 81,000 slaves and servents .421,000 head of cattle for sacrificial purposes and votive offerings. 619.000acres of land, 83 ships and 46 shipyards. They also controlled 65 regional cities. Rameses III of the New Kingdom made offerings of 31,000 kilograms of gold,997,803 of silver 2,395,120 kilos of copper and 3,722 bolts of cloth. In addition he supplied poultry ,wheat and beer in massive amounts to the priests who lived in the height of luxury and held fast to the reigns of power over Egypt and the Pharaoh. It was due to the political sway of the priests of Amun that Hatshepsut was able to attain the role of Pharaoh in her own right. Hatshepsut showed her gratitude by erecting two massive obalisks that originally had their pyramidions covered with gold. The Thumosid Pharaohs made a number of renovations and additions to the temple complex. Perhaps the most famous part of the complex of Karnak is the hypostyle hall.Originally in the 18th Dynasty it comprised of only two rows of six huge columns,this style is representative of a papyrus mash in the Delta. which is the area where settlement and the civilization of ancient Egypt began. In the 19th Dynasty of the New Kingdom it was enlarged by erecting another 22 columns. The Hypostyle Hall has undergone an incredible amount of dedicated restoration in the last 70 years.. It is known to have survived several earthquakes but in 1899 an abnormally large flood caused the foundations of several sections to subside and the columns and parts of the walls toppled .It is recorded that the sound could be heard all the way to Luxor. One of the most interesting features is a room built by Thutmose III called Akh Menou or "The Botanical Garden". On the walls carved in low relief are depictions of rare plants animals,insects and flowers from various regions of East Asia and Africa. The oddity is why did he show obvious genetic defects in the plant life and animals?There are depictions of the deformed limbs and the internal organs of animals along with twisted and misshapen gourds, trees and flowers. This is a puzzle that has intrigued most Egyptologists for many years and although we may never know why he depicted them in this manner, it does gives us a clear picture of the types of flora and fauna that were obviously known to scholars of the time. The Chapel of the Hearing Ear was built by Thutmoses III but decorated by Rameses III it is situated in the eastern wall of the Temple of Amun. It was here that the ordinary people came to petition the god Amun,seeking cures and solutions for all kinds of medical and social problems. This was as far as the ordinary worshipper ever got to the Temple of Amun. The inner sanctums of all temples were barred for all but the priests and the elite and royal classes. Every person who entered the temple including the Pharaoh would have undergone ritual cleansing in the Sacred Lake. One of the most beautiful features is The White Chapel which originally stood on the west side of the Middle Kingdom courtyard of the Temple of Amun. It was discovered in pieces during 1927 by a team of French archeologists working to restore the Third Pylon of the Temple of Amun. It now stands in the open air museum and has been painstakingly restored to it original form. Originally built as a way station for the priests bearing the representative statue of the god Amun during the many processional festivals that were held each year.It was in this and similar stations that the priests rested and recited prayers before proceeding.The carving on its lintels and walls is all done in low relief by master craftsmen for the depictions and texts are quite elaborate and beautifully executed. In one of the texts there is a list of the nomes or principalities of ancient Egypt. Each had their own regional government,taxation system and gods.The nomes of Upper Egypt, their gods and goddesses names are depicted on the left side(south) and those of Lower Egypt on the right (northern) side of the white limestone temple. On th outer wall of the northern side is information regarding the expected yearly flood level at different points along the Nile. The information found in The White Chapel has played a integral part in reconstructing the geography and politics of ancient Egypt. There is so much to be learned from the depictions and reliefs in temples and monuments such as this. Karnak itself has taught the Egyptologists and archeologists so much about the religious, political and social life of the ancient Egyptians. There is really so much one could write about the Karnak complex but there are some excellent websites that will give you all the information you could need on this huge subgect. Here are some that I recommend you have a look at: Tour Egypt, has several indepth articles relating to the Karnak complex.Nova online is also an excellent site that deals with this complex and has some great photos and maps. B.B.C. ancient history is always a great place to gather information regarding ancient cultures such as Egypt. Then there is Guardians Egypt, Ancient Egypt and so the list goes on. But I would advise you to try and avoid using Wikipedia it has been found to contain quite a lot of misinformation in regard to ancient Egypt. Best of luck with your assignment it is a fascinating but very large topic to attempt writing about.If I can be of any help regarding specific aspects of the complex just send me an email."
Bayview Lifesaver :
"I am not sure if the attached source could help, but they have information about: Amun temple enclosure Southern axis Sacred lake Temples of Khonsu and Opet Temple of Ptah Montu temple enclosure Mut temple enclosure with some pictures"
micvay47 :

On a recent visit to the karnak temple in Luxor Egypt, or guide pointed out the thousands of pieces of broken pottery that littered the ground near a wall. She said that the ancients used to bring offerings in terracotta vessels and smash them against the wall. She said we could in fact take one piece of the broken pottery home with us and that they dated from about five bc. Was she having a joke with us or could the pieces really be this old?

RAMSBOTTOM :
"IT IS ILLEGAL TO REMOVE ANY ANCIENT RELIC FROM THESE SITES I THINK SHE WAS HAVING A LAUGH AT YOU"
Lupee :
"I have been to the Karnak temple four times and I have never been told about this..... I think your guide was having a joke with you...."
Forlorn Hope :
"I would have thought that she was pulling your leg or didn't know the history about the temples of Egypt... I would have expected those pieces to date back as far as 1000BC"
Steven W :
"The dating was no joke, as that practice began and continued over a long period of time, but began much earlier,,,but I suspect the Egyptian Authorities would have something to say about her offering. SHE doesn't have property rights, as a tour guide, nor does her agency I bet. Aside from a legal standpoint, consider this... Take the lowest estimate you can regarding number of visitors to that site, annually, and tours guided by her or others oh her mind set. Consider then, the number of pottery shards likely available. I suggest SHE would eventually GIFT herself out of her JOB! Steven Wolf"
Danny99 :
"It is illegal to remove artifacts from any listed site in Egypt. She was incorrect and may have been having a joke. The pottery shards could be that old or older. Although badly ruined, no site in Egypt is more impressive than Karnak. It represents the combined achievement of many generations of ancient builders. The Temple of Karnak is actually three main temples, smaller enclosed temples, and several outer temples located about one Mile north of Luxor situated on 247 acres of land. Karnak is actually the sites modern name. Its ancient name was Ipet-isut, meaning "The Most Select (or Sacred) of Places"."
yugnovskyvich :
"i think its illegal to take anything like that out of the country and if she was joking it was in poor taste!!!i know for a fact if you did that in Greece you find yourself in custody and there are other Mediterranean countries where they don't allow you to do so"
questioneer :
"I certainly don't remember any such spot from my visit to Karnak and any attempt to remove anything from the site would involve serious risk (rightly so) of arrest and imprisonment. Was there any attempt to link this to a bribe or extra large tip (both of which I'd include in the annoying category of Bakshesh)"

 

Comments on Karnak

asianpickup
Date: 2008-02-05 02:19:34

A series of surprising discoveries has been made at the foot of Egypt's famous Temple of Amun at Karnak, archaeologists say.The new finds include ancient ceremonial baths, a pharaoh's private entry ramp, and the remains of a massive wall built some 3,000 years ago to reinforce what was then the bank of the Nile River.


anarmyofme
Date: 2008-02-05 02:19:34

The peak for Thebes came during the 18th Dynasty. Its temples were the most important and wealthiest in the land, and the tombs on the west bank were among the most luxurious Egypt ever saw. The center of the city during New Kingdom and later times stretched between the two major temples of Karnak and Luxor, along the avenue of sphinxes that connec


BlogSalesman
Date: 2008-02-05 02:19:34

There's some more Larry Craigs out there, and it's just a matter of time before they get exposed. Oh, isn't that delicious?


dalgic
Date: 2008-02-05 02:19:34

After a rich heiress is killed, Agatha Christie's famous detective, Hercule Poirot finds himself in the right place at the right time to investigate the crime with a boatful of murder suspects onboard the S.S. Karnak as it floats serenely down the Nile. Can the Belgian detective find the culprit before they reach port? More details inside ...



AndrejKiseljov23

Date: 2011-11-18 07:55:44

евро ремонт квартир киев по хорошей цене



Name:
Email
Title
Comment:
Varification Code: Visual CAPTCHA
 

More pages on Karnak

Karnak

Karnak

Benvenuto su Karnak

Benvenuto su Karnak

karnak.com

karnak.com

Welkom bij Karnak
View an informed description and photo of Karnak - a top travel wonder in Egypt ... Karnak Temple. travel wonder in Egypt : Why Karnak . is special. The Temple of Karnak in Luxor ...
Welkom bij Karnak